Nakornphanom is an upper north eastern region province of Thailand. The province inherited the Kotraboon Empire which was situated on the Maekhong basin. The empire was known since early Krung Sri Ayuthya timw.
From E-Sarn (north eastern) legend, the legend described that there was a king named Phrachao Krung Srisatanakanahute. The king wanted his son-in-law (Chao Kota) to govern a town so he settled a new town called Sri Kotraboon. The town was situated near Hinboon estuary which was opposite Amphur Tha U-Tane. Sri Kotraboon was a satellite town of Vientiane then. Chao Kota was enthroned and the first ruler was named Phraya Sri Kotraboon. Sri Kotraboon was ruled successively by kings.
In the reign of Phraya Sri Kotrabong, the town was moved to Pamairoak District, near Srimung Creek on the Maekhong River bank.
In Phra Nakaranurakus reign, Sri Kotraboon was changed her name, The new name was Marukhanakorn.
In 2321 B.E. (1778), Phrachao Krung Thonburi ordered his generals, Phraya Mahakrasatsuk and Phraya Surasingh, to quash the uprising of Phrachao Siriboonsarn of Vientiane. The generals' army defeated the uprising and occupied Vientiane, Muang Nhongkai and Marukhanakorn.
Phrachao Siriboonsarn and Phra Boromracha of Marukhanakorn escaped to Muang Kumderd. After his successful mission, Phraya Mahakrasatsuk brought the Emerald Buddha idol, the Phra Bang idol and Phrachao Siriboonsarn's son to Krung Thonburi.
After his enthronement, King Rama I assigned Chao Nanthasen, Phrachao Siriboonsarn's first son, to govern Vientiane. The Phra Bang idol was sent back to Vientiane.
In 2334 B.E. (1791), Chao Nanthasen and Phra Boromracha planned for an uprising by asking for troops from Annam (Vietnam). King Rama I, King of Siam, was informed by Annam's king.
The accomplices were prosecuted and punished. Chao inthawongse, Chao Nanthasen younger brother, was sent to Vientiane for substitution.
In 2337 B.E. (1794), Thao sutta was appointed to be Phra Boromracha, the governor of Marukhannakorn. Before long, Marukhannakorn was changed its name to Muang Nakornphanom, a satellite town of Bangkok.
In 2426 B.E. (1883), at the close of King Rama lus reign, Thao Boonmark was appointed to be Phra Panomnakaranurak, the governor of Muang Nakornphanom. After his 7-year-old term, the governor died. Rachabute Thongthip, his son, was assigned to be the governor.
In 2434 B.E. (1891), there was a new government reformation in the Kingdom of Siam (Thailand). The kingdom was divided into many monthons (precincts) such as : Monthon Laokao (Ubolrachathani Province), Monthon Laochiang (Chiangmai Province), Monthon Laopuan etc. Muang Nakornphanom was a town in Monthon Laopuan administrative unit, Muang Nhongkai was the headquarter of Monthon Laopuan. The governor of Monthon Laopuan was Phrachao Nongyather Kromluang Prachaksilpakom.
In 2442 B.E. (1899), the local government structure was reformed. There were many new positions in governmental personnel such as : governor, deputy governor, Krom Karn Muang, etc. Upahaad To was appointed to be Phra Pitakpanomnakorn, the deputy governor. The commissioner for Muang Nakornphanom was sent by the Ministry of Interior, Bangkok.
In 2454 B.E. (1911), Phra Vichitkunasarn (Oui Nakorntat) was appointed to be Phra Panomnakaranurak, Nakornphanom governor.
2457 B.E. (1914), the Kingdom of Siam introduced a new local governmental bill, a local governmental area reformation bill such as : Monthon, Changwat (Province), Amphur. Phra Panomnakaranurak (Oui Nakorntat) was the first governor of Muang (Changwat) Nakornphanom.
Geographical location and government :
Nakornphanom is an upper north eastern province of Thailand. It has an area of 5,512.6 square kilometers. Along the Maekhong River bank, from one end to another, the distance is 150 kilometers. The province is 750 kilometers from Bangkok.
The North : adjacent to Amphur Zeka, Nhongkai Province.
The South : adjacent to Sub-amphur Vaanyai and Amphur Dongluang, Mukdaharn Province.
The East : adjacent to Kummuan Prefecture and Suwannaket Prefecture, Laos.
The West : adjacent to Amphur Kusumarn, Amphur Akart Amnoai, Sakolnakorn Province.
Nakornphanom consists of 10 amphurs, 1 sub-amphur, 88 tambons and 914 villages.
The amphurs are Amphur Muang. Amphur Tha U-tane, Amphur Banpheng, Amphur Srisongkram, Amphur Nawa, Amphur Plapak, Amphur Renoonakorn, Amphur Nakae, Amphur Thatpanom, Amphur Phonesawan, Sub-Amphur wangyang and Sub-Amphur Nathom. There are 1 municipal, 9 Sub-municipals and 81 tambon councils.
Nakornphanom chose 4 representatives for member of the House of Representatives.
Population : 611}903 ; 301}963 male, 309,940 female 117,655 families, 106,474 houses (in 1992)
Race : consists of Thai-Lao, Kha, yor, Poothai, Zo, Saek, Kalerng
Tourist resources and mass communication :
Tourist resources ; There are 3 major holy places of Buddhism. They are Phra Thatphanom Monastery, Phrathat Renoo, Phrathat Tha U-Tane. Trad Kham and Trad Pho are beautiful falls in the rainy season. In October every year, Lai Rua Fai Festival is a very wonderful and magnificent festival that the fourists shouldn't miss.
Mass communication : There are 3 local Am radio stations, 2 T.V. transfer stations and 4 local newspapers.
Crops : rice, tobacco, sugarcane, maize, Pea, peanut, tepioca, jute fruits, vegetables.
Fisheries : fresh water fishery in the Maekhong River and fresh water fish ponds.
Livestock : cattle, water buffaloes, goats, horses, sheep, swine, poultry